Lagunas de Vilama

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Lagunas de Vilama

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    157,000 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    22°36'S 66°55'W
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Lagunas de Vilama. 20/09/00; Jujuy; 157,000 ha; 22°36'S 066°55'W. Part of Reserva Altoandina de la Chinchilla (provincial). Includes more than ten Andean highland lagoons that occupy endorrheic depressions in the extreme northwest of the country at 4,500 meters above sea level. The lagoons have diverse characteristics, from saline and deep to hypersaline and shallow. They provide habitat for a very rich aquatic bird life, with a good number of endemic and/or endangered species (flamingos Phoenicoparrus andinus, P. jamesi, and coots Fulica cornuta); in addition, a diversity of Nearctic migrating species find a feeding place here. In the plains that surround the lagoons, locally called "ciénegos", other endangered species like vicuñas and "ñandú" (South American ostrich; Pterocnemia pennata garleppi) are present. These "ciénegos" also provide grazing resources for herds of domestic camelids (llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, etc.) and sheep of the local people who practice traditional modes of transhumance. In addition to these plains, the most prevalent vegetation are characteristic of shrub steppes and Andean highland pastures. Numerous archeological sites attest to significant human populations from 5,000 years ago, and the lagoons continue to hold ritual significance. Ramsar site no. 1040.Most recent RIS information: 2000.

Administrative region: 

  • National legal designation: 
    • Reserva Provincial - Reserva Altoandina de la Chinchilla
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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