Klein Bonaire

Turtle nesting beach
Bourreria  succulenta, planted in a reforestation project in 2006 at Klein Bonaire.
Karst well at Klein Bonaire

Klein Bonaire

  • Country: 
    Netherlands
  • Site number: 
    201
  • Area: 
    1,295 ha
  • Designation date: 
    23-05-1980
  • Coordinates: 
    12°09'N 68°18'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Overview

Klein Bonaire is a small uninhabited coral island 800 metres off the west coast of Bonaire in the Dutch Caribbean. Largely tourist-free beaches and saline lagoons provide an ideal stop-over point for many species of migratory birds and an important breeding area for terns, notably the regionally important least tern (Sterna antillarum). The sandy beaches are also the main nesting areas of Bonaire for the critically endangered hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) and the endangered loggerhead (Caretta caretta) turtles. In 2021, the Site was extended to include a 500-metre buffer zone, which covers part of the fringing reefs. With virtually every species of coral found in the Caribbean, the Site is one of the healthiest, most resilient and most biodiverse reefs in the region. Internationally threatened groupers are among the more than 340 fish species found in the reefs. Infrastructural developments at Klein Bonaire are prohibited; nevertheless the Site is an important ecotourism destination, especially for divers and snorkelers who impose a potential threat to the fragile reefs. The biggest threat however is climate change, as sea-level rise could cause the loss of the low-lying beaches and salinas. 

Administrative region: 
Klein Bonaire is an island located offshore from Bonaire island, in the Caribbean Netherlands

  • National legal designation: 
    • National Park - Bonaire National Marine Park
  • Last publication date: 
    30-09-2021

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