Complejo Los Cobanos

Colonia de Porites lobata
Atardecer Los Cobanos
Porites lobata
Juvenil Carey, en rehabilitación
Tortugas en apareamiento
Hydrophis platurus
Corales Abanico
Strombus galeatus
Langosta roja
Astropyga pulvinata
Playa Los Cobanos, Arrecife Rocoso

Complejo Los Cobanos

  • Country: 
    El Salvador
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    21,312 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    13°31'N 89°45'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The complex is particularly important as it features the only coral reef formation between Mexico and Costa Rica. The Ramsar Site, which has also been designated as a protected natural area, consists of a rocky beach of volcanic origin, mangroves, coral reefs and open waters. At the Site, threatened ecosystems such as mangroves provide shelter and habitat for endangered species such as the brown sea cucumber (Isostichopus fuscus), and vulnerable species such as the leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) and the giant seahorse (Hippocampus ingens). Los Cobanos is also a nesting site for the critically endangered hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricate). It is the only place in El Salvador where the reef-forming lobe coral (Porites lobata) is found. The Site controls floods while also retaining sediments and toxic materials carried mainly by nearby rivers. The mangrove forest serves as a windbreak barrier and as a carbon sink. Among the main threats to the Site is the presence of unauthorized human settlements.

Administrative region: 

  • National legal designation: 
    • Área Natural Protegida - ANP Los Cobanos
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents