Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge

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Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge

  • Country: 
    United States of America
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    9,509 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    36°24'N 116°19'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. 18/12/86; Nevada; 9,509 ha; 36°25'N 116°20'W. National Wildlife Refuge. A unique oasis ecosystem of streams, pools, and wet meadows, formed around springs supplying a tributary of the Amargosa River. The site lies within an area exhibiting the greatest biological endemism in the USA. Four species of endangered endemic fish and an endemic aquatic insect are present, and several of the region's plants are listed as threatened or endangered endemic species. Other endemics include several molluscs and one mammal. The water table is close to the surface and soils are mostly saline, often with a well-developed salt crust. Human activities have consisted of agriculture, irrigation, peat and clay mining, and off-road vehicle use. Ramsar site no. 347. Most recent RIS information: 1992.

Administrative region: 

  • National legal designation: 
    • national wildlife refuge
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)