Spittal Pond

Looking west over Spittal Pond
Looking south across Spittal Pond to the sea

Spittal Pond

  • Country: 
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Overseas territories)
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    9.9 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    32°18'N 64°43'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site is the only example in Bermuda of a non-tidal permanent shallow brackish lagoon; it features fringing mudflats and salt marshes, which are subject to periodic sea flooding. The coastal habitat supports the largest remaining mainland population of the Bermuda skink (Plestiodon longirostris) and the pond possibly supports both the American eel (Anguilla rostrata) and European eel (Anguilla anguilla); all of which are globally threatened species. The Site is noted for its bird life and is the most important wetland for wintering waterfowl and transient shorebirds in Bermuda. Other notable species include the threatened endemic daisy-like Darrell’s fleabane (Erigeron darrellianus); the Bermuda buckeye butterfly (Junonia coenia subsp. Bergi), the only butterfly endemic to Bermuda, which is found in large numbers; and the West Indian top shell (Cittarium pica) which occurs along the rocky shore in significant numbers. Spittal Pond is one of the most popular and visited natural attractions on Bermuda. It has also been the subject of several detailed scientific studies and contains sites of cultural significance. The main threats are nutrient enrichment, invasive non-native plants, and damage from recreational use.

Administrative region: 

  • National legal designation: 
    • Nature Reserve, designated under Bermuda National Parks Act (1986) - Spittal Pond Nature Reserve
    • Nature Reserve, designated under the Bermuda National Trust Act (1969) - Spittal Pond Nature Reserve
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents