Cobourg Peninsula

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Cobourg Peninsula

  • País: 
    Australia
  • Número del sitio: 
    1
  • Superficie: 
    220 700 ha
  • Fecha de designación: 
    08-05-1974
  • Coordenadas: 
    11°25'S 132°15'E
Los materiales presentados en este sitio web, particularmente los mapas y la información territorial, se proporcionan tal cual y según están disponibles a partir de los datos de los que se dispone y no implican la expresión de opinión alguna por parte de la Secretaría de la Convención de Ramsar respecto de la condición jurídica de ningún país, territorio, ciudad o zona, ni de sus autoridades, ni respecto de la delimitación de sus límites o fronteras.

Resumen

Cobourg Peninsula has a long history of natural conservation and protection, and it was Australia and the world’s first Wetland of International Importance. The Site comprises a peninsula with extensive tidal flats, fringing coral, rocky reefs, estuaries, mangroves, riverine wetlands, permanent freshwater and brackish ecosystems and melaleuca (paperbark) swamps, dominated by eucalyptus forest. The hydrological regime varies widely due to the seasonal rainfall. There is a steep salinity gradient between the estuaries and backswamps. The Site supports several globally threatened animal species such as the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and the northern quoll (Dasyurus hallucatus), as well as numerous rare plants and extensive mangrove communities. The Site supports an abundance of waterbirds such as ducks, plovers, sandpipers and egrets. It contains many archaeological sites and features of indigenous, Macassan and European origin, and an ongoing ‘living culture’ that is maintained by the Arrarrkbi, the traditional indigenous owners of Cobourg Peninsula. The majority of the Site is managed as a conservation reserve, with some tourism and education, commercial fishing and low-level traditional owner hunting and gathering. In the surrounding areas, cultured pearl farming, aquarium fish harvesting, mud crabbing, mackerel trolling and mineral exploration take place.

Región administrativa: 
Northern Territory

  • Designación jurídica nacional: 
    • National Park
  • Fecha de última publicación: 
    01-11-2013

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Ficha Informativa de los Humedales de Ramsar (FIR)

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