Barombi Mbo Crater Lake

Ramsar logo

Barombi Mbo Crater Lake

  • País: 
    Camerún
  • Número del sitio: 
    1643
  • Superficie: 
    415 ha
  • Fecha de designación: 
    08-10-2006
  • Coordenadas: 
    04°40'N 09°23'E
Los materiales presentados en este sitio web, particularmente los mapas y la información territorial, se proporcionan tal cual y según están disponibles a partir de los datos de los que se dispone y no implican la expresión de opinión alguna por parte de la Secretaría de la Convención de Ramsar respecto de la condición jurídica de ningún país, territorio, ciudad o zona, ni de sus autoridades, ni respecto de la delimitación de sus límites o fronteras.

Resumen

Barombi Mbo Crater Lake. 08/10/06; South-West province; 415 ha; 04°40'N 009°23'E. A deep volcanic crater lake, the site forms with three other crater lakes in the Southwest Province of Cameroon the so-called "Afrotropical Cameroon Crater Lakes Ecoregion". It is famous among biologists for the occurrence of 12 endemic fish-species, rendering it one of the places with the highest densities of endemic species per area in the world. For evolutionary biologists, the lake represents one of the few examples where new species have evolved within the confines of a small area by "sympatric speciation ". Lake Barombi Mbo is also important due to the presence of freshwater sponges, one of which (Corvospongilla thysi) is also endemic. It is an important sacred site to the Barombi tribe: the social and cultural life of the Barombi Mbo People is intimately linked to the use of the resources of the lake through fishing, mythology and transport, and to the surrounding land through farming. It is also a source of clean water for the metropolis of Kumba and its environs. Over-fishing, introduction of foreign fish to the ecosystem, pesticide spraying of cocoa-trees within the catchment area and deforestation on the crater rim are the main (potential and actual) threats to the site. The elaboration and implementation of a management plan needs to occur. Ramsar site no. 1643. Most recent RIS information: 2006.

Región administrativa: 
Southwest Province

  • Designación jurídica nacional: 
    • Forest Reserve
  • Fecha de última publicación: 
    08-10-2006

Descargas

Ficha Informativa de los Humedales de Ramsar (FIR)

Mapa del sitio

Informes y documentos adicionales