Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge

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Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge

  • País: 
    Estados Unidos de América
  • Número del sitio: 
    590
  • Superficie: 
    2 203 ha
  • Fecha de designación: 
    14-03-1993
  • Coordenadas: 
    27°48'N 80°26'W
Los materiales presentados en este sitio web, particularmente los mapas y la información territorial, se proporcionan tal cual y según están disponibles a partir de los datos de los que se dispone y no implican la expresión de opinión alguna por parte de la Secretaría de la Convención de Ramsar respecto de la condición jurídica de ningún país, territorio, ciudad o zona, ni de sus autoridades, ni respecto de la delimitación de sus límites o fronteras.

Resumen

Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge. 14/03/93; Florida, 2,203 ha; 27o47’46”N 80o25’56”. The Site lies in the Indian River Lagoon, a brackish water estuarine system that extends for over 200 km along the east coast of central Florida. Lying in a climatic zone of overlap between temperate and tropical zones its unique conditions are suitable for a large number of species, many of them threatened or endangered, from both zones. Overall the Site supports 140 bird species that use the refuge as a nesting, roosting, feeding or loafing area, as well as 18 species of mammals, 27 of reptiles and amphibians, over 300 of plants, and over 214 species of fish of which 87% are at a juvenile stage. It also serves as a nursery for species of threatened and endangered sea turtles such as the Kemp´s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii), hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), green (Chelonia mydas) and loggerhead (Caretta caretta) turtles. The site’s importance has been recognised since 1903 when it was named as the country´s first National Wildlife Refuge. Since then it has also been designated as a National Historic Landmark and a National Marine Monument. The intensive development of the surrounding area has caused soil and water contamination, pollution, erosion and habitat destruction. Furthermore, the Site has been identified as highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change such as sea level rise and more intense hurricanes. Ramsar site No. 590. Most recent RIS information: 2011.

Región administrativa: 
Florida

  • Designación jurídica nacional: 
    • National Marine Monument
    • National Wildlife Refuge
    • National Historic Landmark
    • Wilderness Area protection
  • Fecha de última publicación: 
    21-05-2014

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