Comana Natural Park
- Numéro du site:2004
- Superficie:24'963 ha
- Date d’inscription:05-03-2009
- Coordonnées:44°09'N 26°09'E
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Comana Natural Park (Parcul Natural Comana). 25/10/11; Giurgiu County; 24,963 ha; 44º09'N 026º09'E. Natural Park, Natura 2000 (SPA, SCI). A complex in the flat plain of southern Romania characterized by a high diversity of flora and fauna and consisting mainly of forests, agro-ecosystems, meadows, rivers, lakes, canals, oxbow lakes and a micro-delta. Some 157 bird species have been observed in the park, which regularly supports more than 20,000 waterbirds, many of them migratory. The park also supports numerous fish species, including the endemic Petroleuciscus boristhenicus and the internationally threatened Umbra krameri. Neajlov River and its microdelta are optimal habitats for the Otter (Lutra lutra), and the Tree-marten (Martes martes), Fitchew (Putorius putorius), Jackal (Canis aureus), and Badger (Meles meles). Of the 1,300 plant species, 72 are threatened nationally and species like Marsilea quadrifolia L. are also protected in Europe. Special conservation areas have been established for thorn Ruscus aculeatus as well as for the Romanian peony Peonia peregrina, which lends its name to the Peony Festival, celebrated in the park in May. The site plays an important role in water purification, flood protection, shoreline stabilization, groundwater recharge, and stream flow maintenance. About 10,000 people who live inside the park directly benefit from these services and also use the site for fishing, hunting and traditional agriculture. Historical importance derives from the Comana Monastery, built by Vlad Tepes (commonly known as "Dracula") in 1462. Ramsar Site no.2004. Most recent RIS information: 2011.
- Inscription légale nationale:
- Natural Park
- Natural reservation - - Peonia peregrina reservation proposed for protection of Romanian peony (Peonia peregrina) which is a local species
- Natural reservation - - Ruscus aculeatus reservation established for protection of the thorn (Ruscus aculeatus) - mediterranean plant found at the northern limit of its distribution area, which is a protected species in Romania
- avifauna protection area - Comana Lake - considered as the third important wetland area in South Romania after the Small Island of Braila and The Danube Delta, and as the second area important for biodiversity after the Danube Delta
- Inscriptions juridiques régionales (internationales):
- UE Natura 2000
- Date de dernière publication:25-10-2011