• Country: 
    Netherlands (Kingdom of the)
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    13,753 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    51°42'N 04°00'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site is an intertidal area which was part of the estuary of the Rhine and Maas (Meuse) rivers until it was cut off from the North Sea in 1971. It is now a stagnant saline lake, mostly bordered by dykes, with some islets, sand dunes and wet meadows. In 2014 the Site was aligned with the Natura 2000 site, and recreational areas, roads and agricultural land covering 116 hectares were excluded. The Site is particularly important for waterbirds: it supports large congregations with annual peaks averaging over 67,000 birds, while more than 1% of the biogeographical populations of 13 species of breeding and wintering birds are present. The main human uses are commercial fishing, water management, boating, tourism and leisure activities. Threats include encroaching industrialization and urbanization, discharge of non-industrial pollutants and expanding recreational activities. Plans to partly restore tidal dynamics are in place to counteract eutrophication.

Administrative region: 
Zuid-Holland and Zeeland

  • National legal designation: 
    • National Ecological Network (NEN) - Grevelingen
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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