Rottige Meenthe and Brandemeer
- Country:Netherlands (Kingdom of the)
- Site number:1277
- Area:1,369 ha
- Designation date:29-08-2000
- Coordinates:52°51'N 05°53'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
The Site is an open landscape of seasonally flooded farmland with small ponds and canals made by peat excavations in the past. The area lies downstream of the small Linde and Tjonger rivers, and it is rich in wet grasslands and heath, peatland, reed marshes and bog woodland characterized by alder and birch trees. The boundary of the Ramsar Site has been aligned with that of the Natura 2000 site, resulting in the addition of the Brandemeer Nature Reserve and an increase in area of 234 hectares. As a remnant of a once-vast peat bog, the area is not only important for carbon sequestration, but also provides habitat for rare animals and plants. The Site is important for nationally endangered bird species such as the Eurasian wigeon Anas penelope and great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus, mammals such as the European otter Lutra lutra, and fish such as bitterling Rhodeus amarus and spine loach Cobitis taenia. It is also home to the endemic large copper butterfly. In addition, it supports vulnerable sphagnum moss species and endangered vascular plants such as fen orchid. It is used for recreational purposes including fishing and boating, and features a 15-kilometre hiking trail and a route for canoeing. Additionally, the Site serves as an important centre for conservation and wetland ecosystem research and is involved in studies of natural bogs and wetland and bog restoration ecology. Factors which might adversely affect it include tourism, drainage of surrounding farmlands and eutrophication.
- National legal designation:
- National Ecological Network (NEN) - Rottige Meenthe & Brandemeer
- Regional (international) legal designations:
- EU Natura 2000
- Last publication date:06-01-2023