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  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    11,240 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    58°10'N 24°34'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Luitemaa. 27/01/10; Pärnu County, 11,240 ha; 58°10'N 024°35'E. Nature Reserve, IBA, Natura 2000. A mosaic wetland complex located on the southwestern coast of Estonia with a diversity of coastal and inland habitats including shallow sea, capes and islands, coastal meadows and reed-beds. Dunes, mires, dry and wet forest stands are characteristic of the site and many of its habitat types are listed under the EU Habitats Directive. The site supports a diverse number of internationally and nationally threatened species of birds as well as a number of threatened mammals, amphibians, reptiles and plants. Luitemaa ("land of dunes") is also a refuge for animals with large habitat requirements and as such is important as a breeding site for Wolf Canis lupus and Lynx Lynx lynx, as well as a hibernation site for Brown Bear Ursus arctos. It regularly supports more than 20,000 waterbirds, including Barnacle Geese Branta leucopsis (>15000), Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope (>10000) and Eurasian Teal Anas crecca (>10000). The site is furthermore an important spawning ground for internationally threatened fish species like Sea Trout Salmo trutta and River Lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis. Peat excavation was stopped at the site; however, the abandoned area is in need of restoration. The Nature Reserve is important for ecotourism, especially for bird-watching. A management plan is in preparation. Ramsar Site number: 1962. Most recent RIS information: 2011.

Administrative region: 
Pärnu County

  • National legal designation: 
    • Nature Reserve
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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