Lihula

Ramsar logo

Lihula

  • Country: 
    Estonia
  • Site number: 
    1997
  • Area: 
    6,620 ha
  • Designation date: 
    27-01-2010
  • Coordinates: 
    58°39'N 23°56'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Overview

Lihula. 27/01/10; Lääne & Pärnu Counties; 6,620 ha; 58°39'N 023°56'E. Landscape Reserve, Natura 2000 (SCI and partly SPA), Pan European Ecological Network, part of IBA. A large intact mire complex, characteristic for the EU Boreal biogeographic region, consisting of open plateau bog surrounded by open and wooded fens as well as peatland forests. The site plays a significant role in maintaining the hydrological balance and water quality of the region and provides important wetland habitats for specific flora and fauna, including rare and endangered species. It acts as a feeding and resting site for migrating cranes, geese (Anser fabalis, A. albifrons), and Ruff Philomachus pugnax, and many bird species occuring and breeding in the site are of European interest, such as Montagu´s Harrier Circus pygargus and Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria. Furthermore, the site supports populations of large mammals including Wolf Canis lupus, Lynx Lynx lynx, Brown Bear Ursus arctos, and Elk Alces alces. Traditional berry and mushroom picking as well as small-scale hunting are practiced within the site. Threats to the site include the intensification of forestry, the drainage of surrounding areas, and the abandonment of semi-natural meadows. A management plan is awaiting approval, and a bog nature trail is planned on the northern edge of the mire. Ramsar Site no. 1997. Most recent RIS information: 2012.

Administrative region: 
Lääne and Pärnu County

  • National legal designation: 
    • Landscape Reserve
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 
    01-01-2012

Downloads

Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)