Duinen Schiermonnikoog

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Duinen Schiermonnikoog is the smallest of the five inhabited Wadden Sea barrier islands. The Site was formerly part of Ramsar Site 1252 (Waddeneilanden, Noordzeekustzone, Breebaart) which was divided in six Sites following Natura 2000 borders in 2014. It is formed by dunes and intertidal mudflats, oak groves, conifer crops and a small freshwater lake and tidal lagoon. The Site is of international importance for European threatened species of breeding birds such as the northern wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) and the whinchat (Saxicola rubetra), as well as for endangered flora such as fen orchid, musk orchid and yellow centaury. The dunes play an important role in freshwater supply and shoreline stabilization. Land use is dedicated to tourism, conservation and research. The main threats to the Site’s ecological character are posed by tourism and groundwater extraction.
Transboundary designation: 
The "Wadden Sea" Transboundary Ramsar Site was declared in 2015 and it includes 13 Ramsar Sites in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands: Site No. 356 in Denmark; Sites No. 501, 537, 80, 81, 82 in Germany; Sites No. 1252, 289, 2212, 2213, 2214, 2215, 2216 in the Netherlands.

Administrative region: 
Province of Friesland

  • National legal designation: 
    • National Ecological Network (NEN) - Duinen Schiermonnikoog
    • National Park - Schiermonnikoog National Park
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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