Littoral de Jbel Moussa
- Site number:2381
- Area:500 ha
- Designation date:16-04-2019
- Coordinates:35°54'N 05°26'W
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The Site consists of a stretch of coastline with two mountains separated by a valley (Oued El Marsa) on the southern shore of the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Atlantic meets the Mediterranean. The wetland’s marine and coastal cliff ecosystems are rich in fauna (at least 175 taxa) and flora. It is an important area for the passage of sea turtles, birds (raptors and passerines) and mammals, and as a spawning ground for several fish species. It is home to some 24 rare or notable fish, and threatened species of anthozoa such as Corallium rubrum or Ellisella paraplexauroides. Notable terrestrial mammals include the endangered Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus). Subjected to strong winds, the cliffs are sparsely vegetated, by plants including endemics such as Stauracanthus boivinii and Rupicapnos africana. The coastline also has great landscape value, and cultural value in the agglomeration of Belyounech, which still retains vestiges of a prosperous medieval town. The Site is also a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
- Global international designation:
- UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
- Last publication date:23-07-2019