Saman Bird Sanctuary

Congregation of waterfowls at Saman Bird Sanctuary
A pair of Asian open-billed stork at Saman Bird Sanctuary
Congregation of spoonbill storks at Saman bird Sanctuary
A pair of Sarus Crane at Saman Bird Sanctuary

Saman Bird Sanctuary

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    526.3 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    27°00'N 79°10'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Saman Bird Sanctuary in the Mainpuri district of Uttar Pradesh is a seasonal oxbow lake on the Ganges floodplain. It is heavily reliant on the arrival of the south-westerly monsoon in July and August, which provides the vast majority of annual rainfall. The Sanctuary regularly provides refuge to over 50,000 waterbirds (187 bird species have been recorded) and is particularly important as a wintering site for many migrants including the greylag goose (Anser anser), with over 1% of the South Asian population present during winter. Vulnerable species including sarus crane (Grus antigone) and greater spotted eagle (Aquila clanga) are also found. Ecosystem services provided include supply of fresh water for agriculture, as well as recreation and nature-based tourism based around the huge diversity of birds. Settlement encroachment and salinization present threats. The Office of the Conservator of Forest (Wildlife) oversees the Site’s management.

Administrative region: 
Saman Bird Sanctuary is located near village Saman in Karhal tehsil of Mainpuri district in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

  • National legal designation: 
    • Sanctuary - Saman Bird Sanctuary
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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