Thane Creek

Flamingoes in Thane creek
Mangroves and City
congregation of Lesser flamingoes
Mangroves of Thane creek
Closeup view

Thane Creek

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    6,521.1 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    19°06'N 72°57'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site is one of the largest creeks of Asia and hosts many birds migrating on the Central Asian Flyway. As a sanctuary for flamingos and other important bird species, it is in the list of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs). Thane Creek falls under the Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW) but is fed by numerous freshwater sources, making the water brackish. Its mangrove forests provide nurseries for several fish species, sustaining the local fisheries, and also act as a natural buffer against floods, cyclones and seawater intrusions, enhancing the resilience of surrounding areas to such climate-related hazards. The Creek features a rich biodiversity of birds, fish, crustaceans, molluscs, butterflies, and floral species, some of which are threatened, such as the vulnerable Sulawesi fruit bat (Acerodon celebensis), Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and river tern (Sterna aurantia), and the endangered great knot (Calidris tenuirostris).

Administrative region: 
The site lies in the Thane, Mumbai and Mumbai Suburban district of Maharashtra State

  • Global international designation: 
    • Other global designation
  • National legal designation: 
    • Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary and Reserved Forest - Thane Creek
  • Last publication date: