Aghanashini Estuary

Aghanashini estuary fringed with mangroves blending with the foothills of the Western ghats
Aghanashini Estuary
Sanikatta salt pans of Aghanashini

Aghanashini Estuary

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    4,801 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    14°30'N 74°22'E
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The Site is an estuary where the Aghanashini River flows into the Arabian Sea in Karnataka State. In addition to its estuarine and shallow marine waters, it features rocky and pebble shores, intertidal mudflats and some aquaculture ponds and rice fields. These diverse environments provide habitats to more than 80 fish, 115 birds and 45 mangroves and mangrove-associated species, including globally threatened species such as halavi guitarfish (Glaucostegus halavi), lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) and Indian river tern (Sterna aurantia). A majority of the fish species found at the Site are able to adapt to a wide range of saline environments, while some are migratory and only enter the Site for spawning or during early life stages. About 55,000 individual birds and more than 1% of the regional populations of nine bird species have been recorded here, including almost 10% of the regional population of black-headed ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus). The Site supports the livelihoods of more than 6,000 households, who are engaged in activities such as fishing, agriculture, shrimp aquaculture, bivalve shell mining and salt production. In the estuary, farmers practice traditional farming to grow a salt-tolerant rice called “kagga”, which is one of the specialities of the region.

Administrative region: 
Kumta Taluk, Uttara Kannada District, Karnataka State, India

  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

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