Menipo Nature Recreational Park

Turtle Release
Migratory Bird
Timor Deer in Menipo Island
Road to Jetty
Timor Deer
Cacatua sulphurea
Cacatua sulphurea

Menipo Nature Recreational Park

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    2,449.5 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    10°09'S 124°09'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site, established in 2010 as a National Recreation Park, is located in Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. Its coastal wetlands include mangroves and intertidal mud, sand and salt flats. The Site includes Menipo Island, which is separated from the island of Timor by a narrow strait and features freshwater lakes and marshes. Menipo Island provides habitat for vulnerable and endangered plant species, and during the peak dry season, the permanent marshes on the Island provide a refuge for wildlife. The Site’s sand flats provide nesting habitat for three threatened turtle species, including the critically endangered hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata). Migratory birds use the mud flats as a stepping-stone habitat, and the Site provides foraging grounds for the yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea parvula) and the Javan deer (Rusa timorensis). Local communities believe that the area must not be destroyed; the Island is considered sacred and hosts a traditional ceremony. They collect crab and shellfish to support livelihoods and gain income by renting boats to tourists and researchers.

Administrative region: 
District of Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur Province

  • National legal designation: 
    • Recreation Park - Menipo
  • Last publication date: