Reserva Nacional de Paracas
- Site number:545
- Area:335,000 ha
- Designation date:30-03-1992
- Coordinates:14°09'S 76°16'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Reserva Nacional de Paracas, located in the department of Ica, is an extensive coastal area of bays, shallow marine waters, rocky shores, sandy beaches, and islands. It covers an area of 335,000 hectares and is representative of the ecoregions of the cold sea of the Peruvian current and of the Pacific coastal desert. The Site is rich in biodiversity: it provides a habitat for over 1,500 plant and animal species. Among these are 20 cetaceans such as the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), 168 fish, 10 reptiles, 36 mammals, and 216 species of birds. The Site hosts more than 200,000 migratory birds, the most numerous being Franklin’s gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan) and the black skimmer (Rynchops niger). It also provides shelter to critically endangered species such as the Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), endangered species such as the marine otter (Lontra felina), and vulnerable ones such as the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) and the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea). The Site is a source of food and income for local communities. However, it faces threats such as the overexploitation of fishing resources, illegal fishing, uncontrolled tourist activity, and contamination by industrial and domestic waste.
Departamento de Ica, provincias de Pisco e Ica, distritos de Paracas y Salas
- National legal designation:
- Reserva Nacional - Reserva Nacional de Paracas (RNP)
- Last publication date:11-11-2021
Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)
Additional reports and documents
- Taxonomic lists of plant and animal species occurring in the site
- Other published literature