Bilosaraiska Bay and Bilosaraiska Spit

Until the bay is completely covered with ice, ducks will not fly further south.
The shallow bay is the best feeding ground for Cygnus cygnus.
Anas penelope refreshes for a long road
The colony of Thalasseus sandvicensis on the terminus of the Bilosaraiska Spit
Larus genei settle near Thalasseus sandvicensis.
Larus genei settle near Thalasseus sandvicensis.
At the colony of Ardea alba.
Halophytic meadows with Rhaponticum serratuloides.
Psammophyte-steppe area with Iris pumila.
Shallow saline lakes attract the birds due to their security and food availability.
In summer, almost all saline shallow lakes are dried-up.

Bilosaraiska Bay and Bilosaraiska Spit

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    11,280.8 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    46°54'N 37°16'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site includes a sandy-shell spit and a shallow bay of the Azov Sea, and features shallow lakes, dunes and silt islands. Its saltmarshes and meadows, swampy areas and thickets of reeds and rushes provide habitats for numerous endemic and nationally rare plants and relic fish species. The bay reaches a maximum depth of five metres; its bottom is overgrown with Zostera marina and other aquatic plants, which provide abundant feeding resources for fish and birds. The Site is important for several thousand wintering ducks and geese, and it supports up to 5,000 individuals of the smew (Mergellus albellus). Three species of critically endangered sturgeons depend on the Site as feeding ground. The bay is regularly covered by ice; however climate change is causing a significant shortening of these periods, leading to a change in the composition of bird species. Threats include invasive species and the lowering of water levels in the inner reservoir. The reason for the latter is unknown, and consistent monitoring is needed. Human activities include conservation education, recreation and fishing. In 2021 the Site was delineated more accurately, and extended to include the entire bay area, increasing the total area by 9,280 hectares.

Administrative region: 
Donetsk Region

  • National legal designation: 
    • National Natural Park - Meotyda
    • Regional Landscape Park - Meotyda
    • landscape reserve of national importance - Bilosaraiska Spit
    • ornithological reserve of national importance - Pryazovsky chapelnyk
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • Other international designation
  • Last publication date: