Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve
- Site number:1155
- Area:222,488 ha
- Designation date:08-01-2002
- Coordinates:45°15'N 132°40'E
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Located on the south of Sanjiang Plain, in north-eastern China, the Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve is an inland wetland ecosystem dominated by lakes and swamps. It is representative of the alpine wetland ecosystems along the border between China and Russia. The Site is a tectonic lake and the largest water body in the Heilongjiang river basin. The Sanjiang Wetlands in China and the mixed broadleaf-coniferous forests of the Russian far east, both of great importance for the region’s biodiversity, are interconnected by this Site. Having a reputation as a “natural reservoir”, Xingkai Lake and the surrounding wetlands are very important for biodiversity protection globally. The Site is a refuge for several globally important species such as the critically endangered yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus), Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis) and Baer’s pochard (Aythya baeri); the endangered red-crowned crane (Grus japonensis), scaly-sided merganser (Mergus squamatus) and eastern curlew (Numenius madagascariensis); and the vulnerable white-naped crane (Grus vipio), velvet scoter (Melanitta fusca) and Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus). The flood plain formed by Xingkai Lake and its rivers provides a significant stopover and breeding ground for 1.5 – 2 million birds migrating between East Asia and Australia.
In Jixi City, Heilongjiang Province, PR China
- Global international designation:
- UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
- National legal designation:
- National Nature Reserve in China - Xingkai Lake National Nature Reserve
- Last publication date:03-08-2017