Complexo Vulcânico do Fogo

Ramsar logo

Complexo Vulcânico do Fogo

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    2,182 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    37°46'N 25°28'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Complexo Vulcânico do Fogo.16/06/08; Archipiélago de las Azores; 2,182 ha; 37°45'N 025°28'W. Sitio de Importância Comunitária SIC, Nature Reserve. Located in the central part of São Miguel island, the biggest of the Azores archipelago, the site includes all the catchment area of the Fogo complex, with the lake of Fogo (Lagoa do Fogo) within the large crater and the geothermal springs, waterfalls and geysers of Caldeira Velha. The site provides electrical energy to the island through its geothermal power plant, and the water springs of Lombadas are also an important economic resource, supplying most of the island and providing mineral water. Ecologically there are several typical and threatened habitats of peatland and laurel forest which support several endemic and native species of plants and animals, such as the snipe (Gallinago gallinago). The high hydrological and ecological value of the area makes it a perfect refuge and resting site for many migratory birds. The geothermic phenomena attract many tourists every year. The threats for the site are mainly absence of vigilance and illegal dumping. Ramsar site no. 1803. Most recent RIS information: 2008.

Administrative region: 
Azores Archipelago

  • National legal designation: 
    • Domínio Público Hídrico - (Decreto-Lei n.º 468/71, de 5 de Novembro).
    • Monumento Natural Regional - Caldeira Velha (Decreto Legislativo Regional n.º 5/2004/A, de 18 de Março).
    • Reserva Natural - Lagoa do Fogo (Decreto Regional n.º 10/82/A, de 18 de Junho).
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Site map

Additional reports and documents