Réserve Naturelle d'Intérêt Communautaire de la Somone
- Site number:2327
- Area:700 ha
- Designation date:01-09-2017
- Coordinates:14°30'N 17°04'W
The Site was established in 1999 thanks to an initiative of local women who noted the degradation of the mangrove ecosystem on which they depended, and decided to regenerate it by planting hundreds of thousands of propagules. The Site consists of a lagoon with its bed and channels permanently covered by water, a zone of Rhizophora-dominated mangroves which are submerged at high tide, the sandy foreshore, tanne areas (bare and shrubbed salt flats) at the edge of the mangrove, and the transition area between the estuary and the mainland, including a barrier beach. The mangrove species include African Avicennia, red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) and button mangrove (Conocarpus erectus). The fauna of the estuary is diverse and abundant, and includes birds such as the peregrine falcon (which is rare and threatened in Senegal), the slender-billed gull, the long-tailed cormorant and African darter, the sanderling, little egret and western reef heron, the black-headed gull , the grey heron and the western cattle egret. Encroaching tourist facilities and upstream quarries present potential threats.
- Last publication date:01-02-2018