Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary
- Site number:2464
- Area:511.7 ha
- Designation date:13-04-2021
- Coordinates:22°30'N 70°08'E
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This freshwater wetland near the coast of the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat State was formed following the creation of a bund (dike) in 1920 to protect farmland from saltwater ingress. As one of the important waterbird habitats in North-West India, the Site provides breeding, feeding and roosting grounds for a wide range of resident aquatic and also land-based birds. It provides habitat for over 310 bird species, including 125 waterbirds; over 165,000 individual waterbirds have been counted. These include the endangered Pallas’s fish-eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) and Indian skimmer (Rynchops albicollis), and the vulnerable common pochard (Aythya ferina). The Site also regularly supports more than 1% of the south and south-west Asian population of Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus), more than 2% of greylag goose (Anser anser) and more than 20% of common crane (Grus grus). More than 180 plant species are present, including the critically endangered Indian bdellium-tree (Commiphora wightii). The Site contributes to the maintenance of hydrological regimes, erosion protection and nutrient cycling. It is used for recreation and tourism, and scientific and educational activities.
Khijadia wildlife sanctuary falls within Jamnagar District of Gujarat State, India. Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary located virtually between 22°31’27” N and 70°07’17”E.
- National legal designation:
- Eco Sensitive Zone - Eco Sensitive Zone of Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary
- Wildlife Sanctuary - Khijadia Bird Sanctuary
- Regional (international) legal designations:
- Other international designation
- Last publication date:01-02-2022
Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)
Additional reports and documents
- Taxonomic lists of plant and animal species occurring in the site
- Site management plan