Réserve Spéciale de Faune de Gueumbeul
- Site number:338
- Area:720 ha
- Designation date:29-09-1986
- Coordinates:15°55'N 16°27'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
The Site is an extensive saline lagoon surrounded by Sahelian vegetation and fed by seasonal rainfall and salt water from the Senegal River estuary. Native animal species include desert warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas), African spurred tortoise (Geochelone sulcata) African rock python (Python sebae), as well as mongooses, pale foxes and genets. The permanent presence of water supports Afro-tropical and migratory Western Palearctic birds, such as black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa), lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) and the largest concentrations in Senegal of pied avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta). The Reserve is gradually degrading due to a combination of factors, including drought, salinization, the lowering of the water table and siltation of water tanks, partly because the Diama dam on the Senegal River has reduced the inflow of fresh water. Human activities include nature conservation and education, tourism and recreation. A management plan and safeguarding policy are being implemented to enable the regeneration of the Sahelian vegetation of the Reserve.
- Global international designation:
- UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
- National legal designation:
- special wildlife reserve - Réserve Spéciale de Faune de Gueumbeul
- Last publication date:11-09-2020